“…propitiation, redemption, justification, and reconciliation. These are New Testament ‘images,’ metaphors of what God has done in and through Christ’s death. ‘Substitution,’ however, is not another image; it is the reality that lies behind them all”
(John Stott, The Cross of Christ, 20th Anniversary ed. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2006, p. 330).